Although seizures are common in children, they are often overlooked as a potential cause of death. Febrile and nonfebrile seizures can be fatal in children with or without an epilepsy diagnosis and may go unrecognized by parents or physicians.
Can seizures cause brain damage in babies?
However, prolonged and untreated seizures can cause permanent damage due to decreased oxygen flow to the brain and excessive brain cell activity. Neonatal seizures are often symptoms of a more serious underlying condition, particularly brain injury.
What would cause a baby to have a seizure?
Baby seizures happen when an abnormal extra burst of electrical activity occurs between neurons, or brain cells, in a baby’s brain. These can happen for many reasons. Causes may include brain injury, infection, and underlying health conditions, such as cerebral palsy.
Are baby seizures curable?
Tell me more about causes of seizures…
Once in a great while, seizures in newborns and infants are caused by a deficiency of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine). It is important to recognize the deficiency because it is a very treatable cause of seizures.
What happens to a baby after a seizure?
Your child may look awake, but have a variety of unusual behaviors. These may range from gagging, lip smacking, running, screaming, crying, or laughing. Your child may be tired or sleepy after the seizure. This is called the postictal period.
What does a seizure look like in babies?
Focal seizures: Focal seizures may involve the infant having spasms or rigidity in one muscle group, becoming pale, sweating, vomiting, screaming, crying, gagging, smacking their lips, or becoming unconscious.
How do you treat seizures in babies?
- Phenobarbital. Phenobarbital is one of the oldest and safest anticonvulsants for children. …
- Valproic Acid (Depakene, Depakote) Valproic acid (Depakene or Depakote) is effective in treating many childhood seizure disorders. …
- Phenytoin (Dilantin) …
- Carbamazepine. …
- Felbamate. …
- Lamotrigine. …
How are babies tested for seizures?
electroencephalography (EEG), a test that records electrical activity in your child’s brain using tiny wires attached to the head (EEG is highly sensitive and can pick up even small seizures that don’t lead to physical symptoms.)
How often do seizures occur in babies?
How often do babies have seizures? Seizures occur more often in the newborn period (mostly the first week of life) than at any other time. They occur in one to three babies for every 1000 born. This means seizures are uncommon but not rare.
Can seizures be life threatening?
Seizures can be fatal, but dying from a seizure is uncommon . Epilepsy is a group of conditions in which people have seizures. However, a person without epilepsy can also have a seizure. Many seizure deaths come from external factors like drowning, falling, or choking that occur during a seizure.
When do babies get epilepsy?
The risk of seizures in babies is highest in the first year after birth and particularly within the first month of life. This is especially so for babies born too early. This information is about seizures in the 3 groups of babies: Pre-term or premature babies (born before 37 weeks)
Do babies cry when having a seizure?
The baby may appear calm or cry in between the spasms and they are likely to occur every day. Parents who think they have seen these symptoms are encouraged to record the baby during a suspected seizure.
How long can a seizure last before brain damage?
A seizure that lasts longer than 5 minutes, or having more than 1 seizure within a 5 minutes period, without returning to a normal level of consciousness between episodes is called status epilepticus. This is a medical emergency that may lead to permanent brain damage or death.
Are seizures curable?
There’s currently no cure for epilepsy, but it can be managed with medications and other strategies.
How do I know if my newborn is having seizures?
What do seizures in newborns look like?
- The baby may have jerking or stiffening of a leg or an arm that can alternate from side to side.
- Or the whole upper body may suddenly jerk forward. …
- The baby’s facial expression, breathing, and heart rate may change.