Conclusions Bruises are rare in normal infants and precruisers and become common among cruisers and walkers. Bruises in infants younger than 9 months and who are not yet beginning to ambulate should lead to consideration of abuse or illness as causative.
Why does my baby have a bruise?
Bruises on the head and face of a newborn baby are a common sight. In most cases, bruises on a newborn are nothing to worry about and they go away on their own within a few days. Bruises occur when damaged blood vessels leave dark blood spots beneath the skin.
What does a bruise look like on an infant?
Bruising is extravasation of blood in the soft tissues, producing a temporary, non-blanching discolouration of skin, however faint or small with or without other skin abrasions or marks. Colouring may vary from red/yellow/green/brown/purple and is not reliable in dating a bruise.
When should I worry about bruises on my child?
Bruises are usually nothing to worry about. But you should take your child to see your GP if they have bruises that don’t seem related to everyday childhood bumps and falls. For example, you might want to see your GP if your child: seems to bruise more easily than other children.
How long do bruises last on babies?
– A bruise can take up to 2 weeks to heal. – Colour changes reflect breakdown of haemoglobin to biliverdin and bilirubin. – Colour can be affected by skin colour, location, vascularity of area and severity of force.
The marks occur when some of the skin’s pigment cells, or melanocytes, get “trapped” in the deeper layers of skin during the infant’s development. When the pigment does not reach the surface, it appears as a gray, greenish, blue, or black mark.
How do you treat a baby’s bruise?
- Calm your child and let them know you can help.
- Apply a cold or ice pack for the first 24 hours after injury to help reduce swelling and discomfort. …
- If the bruise or swelling is on the lips or in the mouth, offer your child an ice cube or ice pop to suck on.
What bruises should you worry about?
Call the doctor if the bruise is accompanied by swelling and extreme pain, especially if you take a blood-thinning medication for a medical condition. Call the doctor if bruising occurs easily or for no apparent reason. Call the doctor if the bruise is painful and under a toenail or fingernail.
What are some potential causes of bruising on a newborn’s skin?
Most infant bruising causes are related to incidents when an infant suffers minor trauma or injury to a localized area of their body, like an arm or leg. When an area of skin is impacted, it may cause the blood vessels close to the surface to rupture.
Does baby skin bruise easily?
Kids seem to bruise easily. Whether it is a toddler taking their first steps or a preschooler who is rough-housing all of the time, kids are prone to bruises. Many parents worry that bruising is a sign of a serious illness. Fortunately, most of the time, it is normal.
Is bruising caused by a vitamin deficiency?
Low on Vitamin C
This essential vitamin helps make collagen, an important protein that keeps your blood vessels healthy. If you don’t get enough vitamin C in your diet, you may notice that you bruise easily.
Does low iron cause bruising?
You may begin to bruise easily if you aren’t getting enough iron. That’s because your body needs iron to keep your blood cells healthy. If your blood cells aren’t healthy, your body won’t be able to get the oxygen that it needs to function. This may make your skin more susceptible to bruising.
Can babies bruise themselves?
Breastfed babies’ bruises may be self-inflicted ‘hickeys,’ not signs of abuse. NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Breastfed babies may sometimes suck on their own arms to the point of bruising themselves and the injuries should not be confused with signs of child abuse, according to a new case report.